Bivalirudin therapy is associated with improved clinical and economic outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: results from an observational database.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2012 Jan;5(1):52-61
Authors: Pinto DS, Ogbonnaya A, Sherman SA, Tung P, Normand SL
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials show improved outcomes among acute coronary syndrome patients treated with bivalirudin. The objective of this analysis was to compare clinical and economic outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients encountered in routine clinical practice undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), treated with bivalirudin or heparin+GP IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor (heparin+GPI).
METHODS AND RESULTS: STEMI admissions from January 1, 2004 through March 31, 2008 among patients receiving PPCI and bivalirudin or heparin+GPI in the Premier hospital database were identified. The probability of receiving bivalirudin was estimated using individual and hospital variables; using propensity scores, each bivalirudin patient was matched to 3 heparin+GPI treated patients. The primary outcome was in-hospital death. Rates of bleeding, transfusion, length of stay, and in-hospital cost were secondary outcomes. There were 59,917 STEMI PPCIs receiving bivalirudin (n=6735) or heparin+GPI (n=53,182). Seventy-nine percent of bivalirudin patients matched, resulting in 21,316 STEMI PPCIs for analysis. Compared with heparin+GPI patients, bivalirudin patients had fewer deaths (3.2% versus 4.0%; P=0.011) and less inpatient bleeding (clinically apparent bleeding [6.9% versus 10.5%, P<0.0001], clinically apparent bleeding with transfusion [1.6% versus 3.0%, P<0.0001], and transfusion [5.9% versus 7.6%, P<0.0001]). Patients receiving bivalirudin had shorter average length of stay (mean 4.3 versus 4.5 days; P<0.0001), with lower in-hospital cost (mean $18,640 versus $19,967 [median $14,462 versus $16,003], P<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: This large “real-world” retrospective analysis demonstrates that bivalirudin therapy compared with heparin+GPI is associated with a lower rate of inpatient death, inpatient bleeding, and decreased overall in-hospital cost in STEMI patients undergoing PPCI.
PMID: 22235065 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]