Randomised clinical trial: high-dose vs. standard-dose proton pump inhibitors for the prevention of recurrent haemorrhage after combined endoscopic haemostasis of bleeding peptic ulcers.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Feb 28;
Authors: Chen CC, Lee JY, Fang YJ, Hsu SJ, Han ML, Tseng PH, Liou JM, Hu FC, Lin TL, Wu MS, Wang HP, Lin JT
BACKGROUND: The optimal dosage of intravenous proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for the prevention of peptic ulcer rebleeding remains unclear. AIM: To compare the rebleeding rate of high-dose and standard-dose PPI use after endoscopic haemostasis. METHODS: A total of 201 patients with bleeding ulcers undergoing endoscopic treatment with epinephrine injection and heater probe thermocoagulation were randomised to receive a high-dose regimen (80 mg bolus, followed by pantoprazole 8 mg/h infusion, n = 100) or a standard-dose regimen (pantoprazole 40 mg bolus daily, n = 101). After 72 h, all patients were given 40 mg pantoprazole daily orally for 27 days. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in mean units of blood transfused, length of hospitalisation ?5 days, surgical or radiological interventions and mortality within 30 days between two groups. Bleeding recurred within 30 days in six patients [6.2%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-11.1%] in the high-dose group, as compared to five patients (5.2%, 95% CI 0.6-9.7%) in the standard-dose group (P = 0.77). The stepwise Cox regression analysis showed end-stage renal disease, haematemesis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (hazard ratio: 37.15, 10.07, 9.12, 95% CI: 6.76-204.14, 2.07-49.01, 1.66-50.00 respectively) were independent risk factors for rebleeding and Helicobacter pylori infection was associated with lower risk of rebleeding (hazard ratio: 0.20, 95% CI: 0.04-0.94). CONCLUSIONS: Following combined endoscopic haemostasis of bleeding ulcers, co-morbidities, haematemesis and H. pylori Status, but not PPI dosage, are associated with rebleeding (http://www.Clinical Trials.gov.ID: NCT00709046).
PMID: 22369682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]