Levosalbutamol for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a treatment evaluation.
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2012 Feb 25;
Authors: Patel M, Thomson NC
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disorder associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. ?2-adrenoceptor agonists (?2-agonists) act by stimulating the ?2-adrenoceptor present on smooth muscle and other cells in the airways, resulting in bronchodilatation. ?2-agonists play a central role in the treatment of breathlessness in patients with COPD. Salbutamol is a chiral drug with (R)- and (S)- isomers. Almost all ?2-agonists that are currently used are racemic mixtures of (R)- and (S)-salbutamol. Areas covered: (R)-salbutamol alone (Xenopex®, generically known as levosalbutamol) is now indicated for the treatment or prevention of bronchospasm with reversible obstructive airway disease. This evaluation demonstrates that (R)-salbutamol provides a beneficial ?2-agonist effect at a cellular level and in experimental models of airways disease. Furthermore, we demonstrate that (S)-salbutamol opposes the desirable effects of (R)-salbutamol and can actually cause features of asthma and COPD in vitro and in experimental asthma. Expert opinion: Despite this strong body of preclinical experimental evidence, (R)-salbutamol has not shown consistent superiority over (S)- or racemic salbutamol in the treatment of patients with COPD.
PMID: 22364295 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]