Risk modification for postoperative pulmonary embolism: Timing of postoperative prophylaxis.
Thromb Res. 2011 Dec 20;
Authors: van Lier F, van der Geest PJ, Hol JW, Leebeek FW, Hoeks SE
INTRODUCTION: Risk factors for postoperative pulmonary embolism can often not be modified and are patient related. The purpose of this case control study was to identify possible modifiable risk factors for postoperative pulmonary embolism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a case control study among 210,269 patients who underwent noncardiac surgery from 2000 to 2009 at the Erasmus Medical Center. Case subjects were all 199 (0.09%) patients who experienced a pulmonary embolism within 30days after surgery. From the remaining patients, 1 control was selected for each case and was stratified according to calendar year. For cases and controls, information was obtained regarding risk factors and the type and dose of thromboprophylaxis as well as the time of postoperative initiation. RESULTS: Overweight, surgery for malignancy, a history of cerebrovascular disease and a history of thromboemblic diseases, intraoperative blood transfusions and delayed use of thromboprophylaxis were more common in cases than in controls. After correction delayed use of thromboprophylaxis was associated with a 4 fold increased risk (OR 4.1; 95% CI: 2.1 - 7.7) for postoperative pulmonary embolism. CONCLUSION: Delayed timing of postoperative thromboprophylaxis is an important modifiable risk factor for postoperative pulmonary embolism after noncardiac surgery. This study emphasises the importance of on time administration of thromboprophylaxis.
PMID: 22192155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]Link to Article at PubMed