Mitral regurgitation: current trends in diagnosis and management.
Hosp Pract (Minneap). 2011 Feb;39(1):181-92
Authors: Ghoreishi M, Dawood M, Stauffer CE, Gammie JS
Mitral regurgitation is the most prevalent heart valve disorder in the United States. Individuals with mitral regurgitation may be asymptomatic or may present with dyspnea, orthopnea, fatigue, and/or heart rhythm disturbances. Long-standing mitral regurgitation causes chronic left ventricular volume overload, which leads to left ventricular dilation and contractile dysfunction. Without treatment, mitral regurgitation results in biventricular failure and death. Echocardiography is the preferred diagnostic test to assess the presence and severity of mitral regurgitation. Mitral valve surgery, the only effective treatment for patients with severe mitral regurgitation, is recommended early in the course of the disease to prevent the development of heart failure. Early recognition of mitral regurgitation and timely referral for mitral valve surgery significantly improve symptoms and long-term survival.
PMID: 21441774 [PubMed - in process]